What Causes Nail Fungus?

Nail fungus is a condition that starts out as a white or yellow spot underneath the tip of your nail. It can be found on your nails or toes but is more commonly found on your toenails. As the fungus moves deeper into your nail, it will begin to become discolored, thick, and your nail will begin to crumble. While the condition is common, it’s important to get it treated early so that it does not impact your nail. Knowing what causes nail fungus is the first step.

What Causes Nail Fungus?

A variety of factors causes nail fungus. A nail fungus infection is often caused by fungi that are underneath or on your nail. Because your feet are often in socks and shoes, the fungi have an opportunity to grow and cause infection. Fungus grows exponentially in warm environments that have moisture.

Another common cause of nail infection is visiting the nail salon. Nail fungus can be spread from person to person quickly. If you get a manicure or pedicure from a salon that does not follow standard disinfecting procedures, nail fungus can soon spread. Even outside of nail salons, nail fungus can spread from person to person with just simple physical contact.

Nail Fungus Prevention

Keeping yourself free from nail fungus is relatively simple. Below you will find some simple preventative measures to keep your nails free from fungus.

Nail Care:

Keep your nails and toes clean by trimming them often and cleaning underneath your nails daily. Remove any dirt or grime that has accumulated throughout the day.

Stay Dry:

Keep your hands and feet dry as much as possible. When you get out of the shower, dry your hands and feet thoroughly. Consider wearing gloves or water-resistant shoes if you cannot keep your hands and feet continuously dry.

Choose Salons Wisely:

If you regularly get manicures and pedicures, choose your salon wisely. Be sure the salon regularly disinfects their equipment. It’s best to visit a salon that opens the newly disinfected tools in front of you, so you know that they are following proper health protocol.

Cover Your Feet:

Keep your feet covered, especially in public. This can help reduce transmission from person to person.

Risk Factors

Nail fungus can affect anyone, but certain risk factors make someone more susceptible. For those that have diabetes, a weakened immune system, or a medical condition that causes poor circulation, there is a higher risk of nail fungus infection.

Age can also be a factor as those who are sixty-five or older are at a higher risk. Factors such as an injury around your nail or even on your nail can impact your risk. Those who spend time in environments that are moist, like swimming pools or outside in wet climates, are more susceptible.

The data has shown that nail fungus infections are more common in adult women as compared to children or men. It has also been shown to be hereditary, so if you have a close family member who gets nail fungus infections regularly, you are at a higher risk.

Treatment Options

While there are many over-the-counter and at-home remedy options that can treat nail fungus, they cannot prevent the fungus from returning. With that, those who have recurring nail fungus can spend hundreds of dollars treating one nail fungus infection after another. If you have had two more nail fungus infections, a podiatrist can help get your infections under control.

After a consultation and diagnosis from a podiatrist, there are treatment options that can help get rid of your recurring infections for good. Below are some of the most common treatment options for toenail fungus in Los Angeles.

  • Topical or oral medication
  • Debridement (removal of the diseased nail area)
  • Laser treatment

Dr. Jamshidinia in Los Angeles

If you have nail fungus and want a long-term solution, contact Dr. Jamshidinia at Jamfeet. He is a board-certified surgeon trained in all areas of foot and ankle surgery and treatment. If you are looking for the best foot doctor in Los Angeles, look no further. Dr. Jamshidnia and his team believe in comprehensive patient care and are focused on getting you back to full health. Contact Jamfeet today for an appointment!

How do You Get Toenail Fungus?

Toenail fungus is a common medical issue. It starts out with your toenail turning white or yellow at the tip of your nail bed. As it worsens, the nail will likely discolor completely, thicken, and flake and crumble off. The condition is usually mild and can be treated at home. However, if it becomes painful you may need to see a Los Angeles podiatrist for prescribed medication to treat it. Let’s take a look at some common causes of toenail fungus.

Causes of Toenail Fungus

While every case is different there are certain risk factors for causes of toenail fungus. Below you will find some of the common risk factors that can make you susceptible to toenail fungus.

  1. Diabetes: Those who have diabetes have issues with circulation and a weakened immune system.
  2. Injury or Certain Conditions: For anyone who has minor nail or skin injuries or skin conditions, like psoriasis, there is a great risk for infection.
  3. Age: Older people tend to have a reduction in their blood flow making it harder to fight off possible infection and bacteria.
  4. Sweating: For those who sweat often and a lot, there is a great risk because the damp atmosphere breeds bacteria.
  5. Athlete’s Foot: If you have a history of athlete’s foot, toenail fungus is also a risk.
  6. Damp Areas: If you don’t cover your feet in damp and warm communal areas, it’s a breeding ground for bacteria and fungus. Places like gyms, shower areas, and swimming pools are risky.

Prevention Measures

Whether you are in one of the risk factor categories above or not, be sure and do your best to follow the tips below on prevention.

  • Stay Clean: Wash your hands and feet daily (or more often if needed).
  • Socks and Shoes: Wear sweat-absorbing socks or change them often if you sweat throughout the day. Wear shoes that are breathable. If your feet are constantly in a damp and warm environment it’s a breeding ground for bacteria.
  • Stay Protected: If you are in a public place, especially one with water or showers, at the very least wear sandals.
  • Nail Care: Keep your nails trimmed down and maintain a short length. After you clip your nails disinfect the clippers even if you don’t share them.

Symptoms of Toenail Fungus

If you are concerned you may have toenail fungus but aren’t sure, below you will find the most common symptoms of toenail fungus.

  • Thickened nails
  • Discoloration that is a combination of white, yellow, or brown
  • Crumbly and brittle nails that flake off at the tip
  • Distorted shape
  • A smell that is slightly off and foul

Treatment Options

There are a number of at-home treatments you can try for the causes of toenail fungus. For mild to moderate cases, try these methods at home:

  • Over-the-Counter Anti-Fungal Medicine: Your local pharmacy should have topical anti-fungal medicines. Apply them as directed and it should clear up the issue within weeks.
  • Vic’s Vaporub: A study found that the ointment had a positive effect in the treatment of toenail fungus. Apply a small amount on the area affected at least once a day for the best results.
  • Tea Tree Oil: Tea tree oil is an essential oil with antiseptic qualities. Apply tea tree oil to the affected area twice a day with a cotton swab for the best results.
    If the at-home remedies above don’t work, contact a medical professional for treatment options. It’s important not to let your toenail fungus go untreated as it can lead to other more serious issues.

Treatment by Dr. Jamshidinia in Los Angeles

Dr. Jamshidinia at Jamfeet is a board-certified foot surgeon trained in all areas of foot and ankle surgery. He treats everything from foot and ankle injuries to toenail fungus. Dr. Jamshidinia and his team believe in comprehensive patient care focused on getting you back to normal. Contact Jamfeet for a consultation today!

Common Toenail Fungus Causes

Negative associations haunt the word “fungus”. Although the mushrooms on your combination pizza are delicious representatives of fungi, their negative reputation is unsurprising in the case of toe fungus.

What is Toe Fungus?

According to the Mayo Clinic, dermatophyte is the most common cause of fungal infections under your toenails. Once you’ve been exposed, usually via an infected person coming into contact with shared environmental factors, such as a puddle near a public swimming pool or a pedicurist’s tools, the fungus begins to thrive in the warm, moist, and protected environment provided by your toenails. As the fungus grows, it will feed on the proteins in your nails, causing the tell-tale signs of toe fungus.

Identifying Toe Fungus

Fortunately, toe fungus is pretty easy to visually identify. Discoloration is typically the first sign. Healthline suggests that patients look for the appearance of white/yellow streaks or yellow dots at the base of the nail.

As the fungus progresses, signs of damage will make it more noticeable. It may first present as a flaky-whiteness on the surface, followed by the crumbling and eventual loss of the nail.


Limiting your exposure and keeping your feet dry are the best ways to prevent toe fungus from taking hold. Prevention is particularly important if you are over sixty-five or have a condition that limits proper blood circulation.

Keeping your shoes on in public places is common sense, but your local beauty parlor can be a bit trickier. Double-check that your pedicurist sterilizes all of their tools prior to each use and that they replace the liner on the foot tub in between clients. In addition, dissuade them from trimming your cuticles or aggressively pushing them back, which can damage your natural protection against infection.


It is true that toenail fungus is difficult to get rid of once it’s set in. Fortunately, there are a few options for treatment. Many of the treatments available use oral antifungal medications; although, research out of Harvard Medical suggests that drilling into the nail would be a more effective delivery system.

However, there is a better, less painful method offered by Dr. Kamran Jamshidinia of Jamfeet. At his Los Angeles office, the board-certified podiatrist and foot surgeon in Los Angeles offers patented laser toenail fungus treatment to help patients get rid of toe fungus for good.

How Does it Work?

Jamfeet is one of only about one hundred offices in the United States to offer this brand-new procedure. During your visit, Dr. Jamshidinia will use a laser whose frequency has been adjusted to specifically target fungal cells.

It is a painless process, which has shown no adverse effects during clinical studies. What’s more, 88% of patients who received laser treatment showed significant improvement after one twenty five minute treatment.


There really isn’t a recovery period for this procedure. In fact, you will be able to stand up and walk out the door immediately afterward. The only suggested step is to avoid getting a professional pedicure for a while to avoid reinfection. If you would like to give your toes a little makeover, then Jamfeet will happily sterilize your tools for you using an autoclave to ensure your safety.

Sadly, your toenails may not look pretty immediately, particularly if the fungus has been allowed to progress. If the nail(s) have suffered structural damage, then patients should be aware that it will take between six and nine months to fully regrow your toenails. If you’re in a bit of rush for strappy-sandal weather, then ask Dr. Jam about the Formula 3 Solution to help you accelerate nail growth.