Most Common Foot Problems & Ailments

The human foot is a beautiful, strong and complex anatomical structure comprising of 26 bones, 33 joints and hundreds of tender muscles, tendons and ligaments. Over a quarter of a million sweat glands can also be found in the foot in addition to various strong fibers that are utilized to keep all of the moving parts together. Naturally, with anatomy as complex as that seen in the human foot, there exists a profusion of complications that can occur for a variety of reasons and result in necessary foot treatment in Los Angeles.

Often times, most foot related ailments occur as a result of overuse, sports injuries, poor fitting shoes or the foot being placed under a significant deal of stress. On average, Americans spend over 4 hours on their feet a day and walk an average of 10,000 steps a day. It’s no doubt the foot can become unduly punished over time. Likewise, the foot and its myriad of parts are decidedly more prone to experiencing issues caused by various other unrelated problems. If any part of the foot, be it the toes, heel, ball, etc, aren’t healthy and don’t work in unison, it is commonplace for the ailments to affect the overall quality of life for the patient and even occasionally result in the inability to walk or stand. With approximately 85% of Americans at one point or another enduring foot pain, most patients afflicted with a foot ailment are experiencing one of the top five most common foot related indispositions which affect millions of Americans. Read on to discover the five most common foot problems and their correlating correction procedures.

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#5 Bunions

For most, their beautiful and healthy feet can often be overlooked or taken for granted. Unfortunately, it oftentimes isn’t until we experience an unsightly and painful foot deformity that we realize the pure splendor of our healthy and vibrant feet. Bunions, for a great portion of Americans, is that exact deformity that affects millions of people, as it is one of the most common foot ailments in the country.

A bunion, simply stated, is a painful bony bump that is found in the connecting joint between your big toe and foot. Bunions are very common, so common in fact that they affect nearly 1 in every 3 women in the country. According to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society, 9 out of 10 bunions occur to women and are often caused by wearing tight, narrow high heels and shoes. Ultimately, a bunion causes the base of the big toe to get larger, stick out and creates significant pain for the victim. In many cases the overlaying skin on the foot may become red and swollen which makes wearing shoes, walking and even standing, extremely painful.

Bunion treatment can consist of bunion surgery where your doctor and podiatrist will begin by performing an examination of the foot and bunion. In some cases, an X-ray may also be utilized in order to discover the overall extent and severity of the foot ailment. If it is gauged that the overall foot pain is in fact caused by a bunion, there are various treatment options available. It is true that there are a variety of surgical, and in rare cases non-surgical, methods for correcting bunions, the most common of which is a bunionectomy. A bunionectomy is designed to remove the inflamed tissue around the toe joint, straighten the toe via partial bone removal, realign the bones of the toe to the natural angle, and permanently correct the bones of the affected toe joint. All-in-all, a bunionectomy corrects bunions and restores healthy and beautiful feet. Read on to learn more common foot problems.

#4 Corns and Calluses

In addition to occasionally being very unsightly, corns and calluses can also be very painful. Often caused by poor fitting shoes, corns and calluses are created due to excess friction or pressure being placed upon the skin of the feet. A foot callus, also known as a tyloma, is an area of skin the thickens after excess friction exposure. A corn however, is a less girthy type of callus that develops on top of and even between toes. It often varies from patient to patient whether or not pain is in fact associated with calluses and corns. Regardless, treatment is always a great idea in order to prevent further issues. Treatment is especially necessary for diabetics, as corns and calluses are almost always signs of larger complications.

Corns and calluses can oftentimes be contributed to external factors such as ill-fitting shoes, excess manual labor, frictional stress inducing activities and failing to wear shoes. Many of these events result in the development of corns and calluses on the feet and between the toes. However, external events are not the only causes of corns and calluses. They can also be produced in patients via internal events as well. For example, abnormal foot mechanics, faulty foot function, bony prominences and structural deformities, such as bunions, all can lead to the precipitation of corns and calluses.

On occasion, corns and calluses of the feet can be corrected by wearing properly fitted shoes and by protecting the affected areas while you allow the corns and calluses to heal properly. However, for diabetics it is necessary to seek treatment from a podiatrist. Continue reading to find even more common foot problems.

#3 Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is known as the most common cause of heel pain. The ailment is a disorder that causes pain in both the bottom of the feet and in the heel. The ligament, or fat band of tissue, that connects from your toes to your heel bone is known as the plantar fascia and is utilized to support the arch of your foot. If an incident occurs that leaves the plantar fascia strained, it becomes weak, inflamed and swollen, which results in heel pain and pain on the bottom of your foot. While the causes of Plantar Fasciitis are unknown, the pain created as a result of the ailment presents itself quickly and the pain is often most severe when walking. The severity of the pain is even greater when walking after great periods of rest. For example the pain of plantar fasciitis is likely to be the greatest when walking or standing after waking up in the morning.

Despite the fact that the causes of plantar fasciitis are unknown, the signs and symptoms are very notorious. When the ailment occurs, the pain in the heel and bottom of the foot is very sharp and often unilateral, as seen in the overwhelming majority of cases. Additionally, it is important to identify if pain is worse after long periods of rest. One of the largest identifiers of plantar fasciitis is increased pain in the heel or bottom of the foot subsequent to long periods of rest. Finally, various other symptoms are presented by the ailment, however they are much less prevalent. For example, a few symptoms of the ailment include tingling, numbness, swelling and radiating pain in the foot.

In the initial stages of plantar fasciitis treatment, Dr. Jamshidinia diagnoses the ailment and reviews your medical history. Following diagnosis, the physical exam begins where he checks for points of tenderness in the foot which allows the Doctor to determine if the ailment is being caused by other medical issues. There are both surgical and non-surgical treatment methods that can be utilized to treat plantar fasciitis. The determination of which treatment is better is dependent on various factors, including the patient’s medical history, severity of the ailment and more.

For Foot Treatment in Los Angeles, Call us At 310.247.9255

#2 Ingrown Toenails

An ingrown toenail, or onychocryptosis, is a painful condition of the toe where the nail grows into the skin rather than over it and is one of the most common foot problems. While the condition most prominently affects the big toe, it can also occur to any toe and can become infected very easily. Infections leave victims with painful, swollen and red nails that are extremely painful and sensitive to touch.

Ingrown toenails can be caused for a plethora of reasons, the most common of which is cutting the nail improperly. Improper cutting of the nails is easiest to occur for the big toe. When the nail is cut too short it can grow improperly and into the skin rather than over the skin.

There are various methods and home remedies for treating ingrown toenails. However, it is commonplace for home remedies to be ineffective. The most effective ingrown toenail treatment is offered by podiatrists. Dr. Jamshidinia can treat ingrown nails through three methods. For a slightly ingrown nail, lifting the nail can prove to be an effective treatment. Otherwise the ailment can be treated by partial or total removal of the ingrown nail and tissue.

#1 Toenail Fungus

The most common foot affliction that affects Americans is toenail fungus. Nail fungus is a very common condition that, despite popular belief, is not caused due to poor hygiene. Instead, nail fungus is often caused by feet being exposed to dark wet places for extended periods of time. Naturally, there exist various causes of fungus. Regardless, the effects of the ailment remain the same. Toenail fungus begins as a white or yellow spot under the nails. Eventually the fungus penetrates deeper into the nails and causes the nail to thicken and discolor, resulting in unhealthy and unsightly nails.

Generally men are more prone to getting toenail fungus. In fact, men are significantly more likely to get the toe ailment than women. Additionally, age is an important contributing factor to the diagnosis of toenail fungus. It is commonplace for elderly men to suffer toenail fungus more frequently and in greater proportions than younger men or women in general. Other risk factors include smoking, being diabetic, having athlete’s foot or having a weak immune system.

The most effective and most dramatic treatment method of toenail fungus is via laser treatment. The remedy is often painless, creates greater results and creates longer lasting results.

These five common foot problems only comprise a small amount of the many foot ailments that commonly occur in America. A podiatrist is the best source for remedies and treatment of all the foot afflictions. If you need a podiatrist for foot treatment in Los Angeles, visit Tower Foot and Ankle or Call us at- 310.247.9255

5 Ways Custom Orthotics Can Change Your Life for The Better

If you have foot and heel pain in Los Angeles, you could be missing out on the best parts of life. Walking, standing, playing with your kids, these things can become extremely difficult. You likely have tried everything to fix your pain, but perhaps the solution is right in front of you. Custom orthotics can provide the relief that you need and perhaps even help other pains in your body as well. Getting custom orthotic inserts in Los Angeles can completely change your life for the better. Read on to discover five ways that custom orthotic inserts can relieve your pain and give you your life back.

Click here to learn more about getting custom orthotics in Los Angeles.

#1 Offer Relief of Bunions and Calluses

By getting custom orthotic inserts in Los Angeles sufferers of bunions and foot calluses will experience relief of the resulting pain. These issues are often caused by friction and undue pressure upon the feet. Proper support can relieve these issues and prevent them to an extent. A podiatrist in Los Angeles can give you custom orthotics to provide relief of bunions and calluses.

Custom orthotics, provided by a podiatrist in Los Angeles, can offer relief of various issues caused by pressure on the feet. If you need custom orthotic inserts, or need a podiatrist in Los Angeles give us a call at 310.247.9255.

#2 Manage Diabetes Symptoms

Wearing the correctly supported shoes and orthotics are very important for diabetics. Custom orthotics will relieve areas of excess pressure, accommodate foot deformities and limit the motion of joints. By offering shock absorption custom orthotics will improve diabetics foot pain and offer a level of comfort and pressure relief.

#3 Correct Your Flat Feet

A flat foot places a great deal of stress, and pressure upon the foot leading to potentially severe pain. Additionally, patients with flat feet often have their body knocked out of alignment which puts a significant amount of stress and pain upon their body. By getting custom orthotics from a trained podiatrist in Los Angeles patients with flat feet can achieve relief from their symptoms of flat feet.

#4 Offer Arch Support

For people who have high arches in their feet, they can find that there is an extra level of stress put upon their joints. Additionally, due to high arches there is a lot of stress placed upon the body. High arches lack support and a solid foundation for the body. Getting custom orthotic inserts in Los Angeles can give you specialized support for your feet, rather than the one size fits all approach of general shoe inserts.

#5 Get Rid of Your Body Pain

Orthotics aren’t just for foot pain; if you have back pain or body aches then getting custom orthotic inserts in Los Angeles can help to alleviate your pain. By supporting the three anatomical arches of the foot, orthotics put your body into alignment and provide necessary support for the base of your feet giving you a solid foundation. With a solid foundation back pains and body aches begin to diminish.


Ingrown Toenail Symptoms and Effects

Ingrown Toenail Symptoms and Effects- Fast Relief by Dr. Jamshidinia

An ingrown toenail is a common condition that often affects teenagers and young adults. This occurs when the side of the toenail begins to cut into the skin next to the nail. The result can be extremely painful, and cause the skin to become inflamed. This common annoyance can affect every nail, but more prominently occurs on the big toe. Consult the top foot surgeon in Los Angeles if you are suffering from ingrown nails. Keep reading to discover more, including the symptoms, effects, and treatments.

What are the symptoms?

Ingrown toenails often occur due to poor nail maintenance (I.E. not cutting nails correctly, wearing poor fitting shoes). Early signs show the skin around the nail to become reddened and feel tender. If not caught early the skin can become more swollen and painful, and even become infected. Once these signs become evident is important to have the ingrown nail treated.

Other Signs to watch for

  • Swollen Skin
  • Bleeding
  • Oozing Pus
  • Overgrowth of Skin Around Nail

What are the effects?

Ingrown toenails can cause a great deal of pain and dampen your ability to place pressure on your foot until treated. In addition to the pain and swelling, many bacterial infections can occur. If left untreated the nail can grow into many larger concerns including the following:

  • Bacterial Infection
  • Fungal Infection
  • Cellulitis
  • Paronychia- infection of the nail fold
  • Scarring of the nail fold and surrounding skin


What are the treatments?

Ingrown nails can often be treated with in-home therapy such as soaking your feet in warm water regularly and applying antibiotic cream. If in home treatments do not help subside your symptoms, then visit the top podiatrist in Los Angeles at Tower Foot and Ankle and Dr. Jamshidinia can treat you the same day!

Treatments for an Ingrown Toenail in Los Angeles

  • Lifting the Nail

This treatment is for a slightly ingrown nail that is causing pain and inflammation, but no pus. Doctor Jamshidinia, one of the best Podiatrists in Los Angeles, may treat the ingrown nail by placing cotton, floss, or a splint under the edge of the nail to separate the nail from the overlying skin.

  • Partial Removal of the Ingrown Nail

Although this is one of the more common toe problems in Los Angeles, the problem can become severe. When this occurs Dr. Jamshidinia may trim or remove the ingrown portion of the nail. Before this procedure, your toe will be temporarily numbed with a local anesthetic. Rest assured knowing you are under the care of a prominent foot surgeon in Los Angeles.

  • Removing the Ingrown Nail and Tissue

For persisting issues that remain despite treatment, Dr. Jamshidinia may suggest podiatric surgery in Los Angeles. The quick foot procedure would consist of Dr. Jamshidinia removing a portion of your toenail along with the nail bed which lies below it to prevent that part of your nail from growing back.

Ingrown toenails can be annoying and painful. If you are experiencing an ingrown nail it is important to find a certified podiatric surgeon in Los Angeles. If left untreated you can experience many viruses and prolonged pain. If you have an ingrown toenail, call us at (310) 247-9255 for more information .

6 Foot Issues That Are Killing Your Fashion Game

1.       Athletes Foot

Just about anyone who works out regularly is at risk of getting athlete’s foot – a contagious skin infection between the toes cause by the ringworm fungus. You can catch the fungus through direct contact with an infected person or by touching surfaces contaminated with the fungus (especially in moist environments such as showers and locker room floors).

  • Don’t throw off your workout routine because of athlete’s foot. That’s nothing your Los Angeles Podiatrist can’t fix with a course of topical antifungal medication – call today 310.247.9255 for more details.


2.       Bunions

Excessively wearing high heels and ill-fitting shoes can contribute to the growth of nasty bunions. However, bunions are also hereditary – the ones your mom and her mom used to have.

Before and After
3.       Dry Cracked Feet

Winter is the season of dry soles and cracked heels. Dry and cracked feet make wearing high heels unbearable and irritating. However, winter is the best season to hide your feet in trendy thigh-high boots and short booties.

  • The trick is to keep your feet moisturized at night by applying a generous amount of lotion and wearing socks to sleep the night before – which helps to lock in the moisture to dry areas of the foot.

4.       Corns and Calluses

Corns are hard painful growths, typically seen on the soles of the feet that grow into the foot. Corns develop due to pressure, usually from the type of shoes you wear that irritate the skin on your feet. Callouses on the other hand are less painful but can be caused by the same friction.

  • The solution to this problem is surgery to cut out the hard skin. Also, it’s probably time to reconsider some of your shoe selections. See warts treatment for similar procedures.

5.       Hammertoes

“Hammertoes are caused by an imbalance of the tendons that bend and extend your toes.” Wearing heels that are tight at the toe region increases the risk of getting hammertoes.

  • Your solution is to try using cushions in your shoes. However, the only real solution for your painful hammertoes is surgery to correctly fix the problem.

Hammer toe

6.       Ingrown Toenail

Improper nail growth causes ingrown toenails – this could be due to the poor trimming of your own nails, improper cutting by an untrained nail technician and wearing tight fitting shoes.

  • The best way to prevent ingrown toenail is to trim your nails straight across using a clean instrument or nail clipper. If you or someone you know has an ingrown nail, seek ingrown toenail treatment by a podiatrist for proper removal.

5 Things You Probably Don’t Know About Your Ankle and Feet Tendons

You may think a tendon injury is harmless as it doesn’t produce much pain right away, but tendon injuries can worsen over time if left untreated. While tendon injuries are common, it’s important to seek the proper treatment for these tissues that support your entire body. Keep reading to discover other important facts about the tendons in your feet and ankles.
Ankle and Feet Tendons

  • You can overuse your tendons.

Achilles Tendonitis occurs when you strain the tendon from overuse. This injury isn’t limited to just athletes—anyone can develop Achilles Tendonitis. Tendonitis is usually characterized by tenderness and inflammation above the heel and can be treated with physical therapy or orthotics. Dr. Jam is more than happy to discuss these treatment options with you during your exam.

  • Your body can stop repairing damaged tendon tissue if the injury is not properly treated.

This may be a bit surprising, but it’s true. Achilles Tendinosis can occur if you don’t seek proper treatment for tendonitis. Tendinosis is characterized by tiny tears in the tendon that turn into scar tissue that stops your body from supplying blood to the damaged area. Surgery may be required in this situation, or you can ask Dr. Jam about Topaz coblation, which can help break up scar tissue with no incision necessary.

  • Feeling like you were kicked in the ankle can be a sign of serious injury.

A tendon rupture may be minimally painful, but the damage can be extensive. People who suffer a ruptured tendon usually report feeling as if they were kicked in the ankle while running, and if left untreated, reattachment may be impossible as the tendon separates.

  • Having flat feet can affect your tendon health.

People with flat feet who are ages 40-65 have a higher risk of posterior tibia tendon tears. This tendon runs along the bottom of the foot, supporting the arch. The good news, however, is if caught early, this condition can be treated with physical therapy and orthotics.

  • Not properly treating tendon injuries can lead to arthritis.

Without the proper care, injuries may worsen over time, leading to painful arthritis. Those with flat feet, fallen arches or posterior tibia tendon tears are especially prone to developing arthritis without the proper medical care. Avoid further injury by contacting Dr. Jam’s office to set up your appointment now.