Importance of Proper Fitting Shoes

Most people spend a considerable amount of time on their feet, which is why it is important to have properly fitted shoes. Supportive shoes can prevent ankle, knee, hip, and back pain if worn regularly. The importance of proper fitting shoes is vital for your alignment, your feet, and your gate.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Footwear

Shoe Type:

Whether you are looking for everyday footwear, running shoes, or even shoes for a special occasion, it’s important to choose a shoe that is right for your specific occasion. For example, you don’t want to wear Converse to your first marathon. Consider what applies to your specific occasion and how long you will be wearing them. Each type of shoe is equipped with features that apply to what you will be doing. If you are doing something physical, consider the ability of the shoe to absorb shock and support your ankles.

The Fit:

If you are going to be logging miles on your shoes, they need to be comfortable. The anatomy of your shoes is key to finding the right shoe that fits properly. For example, the upper part of a shoe is everything above the sole. You’ll want a material that’s breathable and a shape that conforms comfortably to your foot. The outsole is the part of a shoe where the rubber meets the road. The sole is often made up of several rubber or foam compounds. A shoe sole should provide traction and stability without being too heavy or stiff.

Looks and Brand:

One of the biggest mistakes people make when buying shoes is buying for the look or the brand. While those red bottom heels may look classy and exude financial wealth, they are a frivolous investment that won’t support your feet. The immediate desire to have the best shoes from the top brands can be enticing, but you’ll need your feet for your whole life, so it’s worth investing in a supportive shoe.

Shoe Size:

While choosing the right shoe can be difficult, be sure to get the right size. The one mistake you do not want to make is getting a shoe that is too small. While your shoes and the surrounding material will inevitably stretch, they won’t stretch that much. One key tip is to “play the piano with your toes” when you try on the shoes. If you can do this, they should be about the right size. You should also not have more than one thumbprint (held horizontally) between the front tip of your shoe and the tip of your toe.

Importance of Proper Fitting Shoes

Finding the right shoes can help avoid foot issues in the future. Without properly fitted shoes, you may run the risk of needing surgery or having to deal with unwanted health issues. Below are some of the common issues that can arise due to improperly fitted shoes.

  • Corns and Calluses: Corns are small, round circles of skin that can develop on the side of the tops of your toes. Calluses are usually larger than corns develop on the bottom of your feet. Both are caused by a protective reaction to prevent your skin from becoming blistered or damaged from shoes that are too tight. You can treat these with over-the-counter patches and finding shoes that fit right.
  • Ingrown Toenails: These occur when the side of your toenail grows into the surrounding skin. These most often occur on your big toes, and it can cause pain, swelling, and can even become infected. Ingrown toenails are often caused by shoes that are too tight. These may need treatment from a medical professional if they have become too deep.
  • Bunions: These are enlargements of bones and tissue around the joint of your big toe. Just like corns, calluses, and ingrown toenails, these find their cause in shoes that do not fit properly. They can be painful and cause swelling. Bunions often require bunion surgery and will need to be treated by a podiatrist.

Foot Doctor Los Angeles

If you are having issues with your feet or need help finding the right footwear, contact Dr. Jamshidinia at Jamfeet. He is a board-certified surgeon trained in all areas of foot and ankle treatment and surgery. Dr. Jamshidnia and his team believe in comprehensive patient care and are focused on getting you back to full health. Contact Jamfeet today for an appointment!

Why Foot Rubs Are Good For You

Your feet do a lot of heavy lifting when it comes to mobility. Most people spend a significant amount of their time on their feet throughout the day. Just like back massages, foot massages are good for you and can provide benefits beyond just relaxation and relief. In fact, regular foot massages with a focus on certain pressure points can be beneficial for your overall health. Let’s look at why foot rubs are good for you.

Why Foot Rubs Are Good For You: The Anatomy of a Foot Massage

Feet have thousands of nerve endings, which explains why foot rubs feel so good. Our feet are complex anatomical structures that include 42 muscles, 26 bones, 33 joints, 250,000 sweat glands, 50 ligaments and tendons, and 15,000 nerve endings. Feet are highly complex and are extremely strong as they can carry massive amounts of weight and pressure even in motion. Certain practices like reflexology have shown to heal many areas of the body by massaging and putting pressure on certain parts of the foot.

Healing Benefits of a Foot Massage

No matter how much you are on your feet, getting or giving yourself a daily foot massage can have health benefits.

  • Reduces Swelling: Whether you regularly have fluid retention or are pregnant, foot massages can help reduce swelling in your feet and ankles.
  • Pain Reliever: If you massage your foot properly, it can help reduce pain in your body. Whether you have headaches, neck pain, or even upper backaches, utilizing the right pressure points can help reduce pain.
  • Improves Circulation: Unlike those who are on their feet a lot, some people are more sedentary but can still benefit from foot massages. Sedentary lifestyles often result in circulation issues. Even just a ten-minute foot massage can benefit your blood circulation.
  • Reduces Anxiety: Foot rubs can help you relax and reduce your anxiety. If you give yourself a five- to ten-minute foot massage before bed it can help relax your body and promote restful sleep.
  • Improves Sleep: Taking the time to give yourself a foot massage as you wind down for bed can have major benefits. If you have a busy schedule and are constantly running from one place to the next it’s important to get as much restful sleep as you can to get you through the day. A short foot rub can help you get to sleep faster and stay asleep longer.
  • Improves Overall Foot Health: Rubbing your feet stimulates your foot muscles, reduces stiffness, and pain in your feet and ankles. Caring for your feet before bed can promote healing overnight. This can reduce the negative daily impacts of pressure and stress put on your feet.

Healing Foot Rub Tips

Research has shown that massaging your feet nightly with coconut oil can help with:

  • Ppain relief
  • Inflammation
  • Avariety of other issues

Focus on the bottom of your feet and your ankles for the most benefit. However, if you experience any pain it may be time to contact a podiatrist. While some people may benefit from nightly foot rubs, others may have more serious issues that need a diagnosis and treatment. Some women experience bunions, wide feet, and even large toes that can severely impact the amount of pain and discomfort you experience daily. Podiatrists are experienced in treating these issues and even offer pretty feet surgery which can improve the look of your feet and address any pain or discomfort you may be experiencing.

Best Podiatrist Los Angeles

If you are having issues with your feet or are interested in pretty feet surgery, contact Dr. Jamshidinia at Jamfeet. He is a board-certified surgeon trained in all areas of foot and ankle treatment and surgery. Dr. Jamshidnia and his team believe in comprehensive patient care and are focused on getting you back to full health. Contact Jamfeet today for an appointment!

What is My Foot Arch Type?

You may not think about which foot arch type you have, but it can be beneficial in many situations. If you are buying shoes, especially athletic shoes, that you will be active in, it can be helpful to know what kind of support you need. Additionally, if you have any issues related to your ankles, knees, or even your hips and back, it could be related to issues with your arch.

There are 26 bones in your foot that consist of eight different types of bones. You have tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges, cuneiforms, talus, navicular, and cuboid bones that all make up the bones in your feet. With so many bones, there will inevitably be different foot structures.

Determine Your Foot Arch Type

While a podiatrist can easily determine your arch type, you can also try and figure it out at home. This is not a proven scientific method, so you should follow up with a podiatrist, but this method can help you understand more about your foot and the type of arch you have. You’ll need water and cardboard to determine your arch type. Begin by dipping your foot in water and then stepping on a piece of cardboard. Look at what is left, and you will be able to determine which arch type you have. Take a quick photo before it dries so you can get a full analysis after reading the information below.

Foot Arch Types

There are three types of foot arches, including normal, flat, and high. Examine the photo you took from the arch print and determine which arch you have.

Normal Arch:

If the middle part of your arch is about half-filled up, this means you have what is considered a “normal” arch. Your arch can naturally support your body weight, and you likely don’t have issues with your foot rolling in (pronating) as it can hold your body weight well. When you search for footwear, look for shoes with firm midsoles, moderate rear-foot stability, and straight to semi-curved “lasts.” “Lasts” refer to the shape of the sole and footprint around the area where the shoe is built.

Flat Arch:

A flat arch means that it is lower than normal to the ground. If your footprint looks like a complete foot, then you have a flat arch. Unlike normal arches, your foot likely rolls in when you walk or run, which can put extra pressure on your ankles, knees, hips, and back. When you search for footwear, look for shoes with a straight last (again, the shape of the sole and footprint around the area where the shoe is built) and motion control to help keep your feet stable when you move.

High Arch:

A high arch means that it is higher than normal to the ground. If your footprint is minimal and you don’t see much on the print, you likely have high arches. High arches are problematic because they can put excessive strain on your joints and muscles. Your feet are likely unable to absorb shock well, which can place a lot of stress on your body. When you search for footwear, look for cushioning to compensate for the lack of arch.

If you are having issues with your feet, are concerned about your arches, or have no idea where to being when it comes to footwear, it may be time to talk with a podiatrist. A podiatrist is a medical doctor that specializes in issues with your feet and ankles. Instead of relying on the home test above, it is likely worth your time to get a consultation to figure out your foot arch type. This is especially true if you are overweight or participate in a considerable amount of physical activity. Both can put extra pressure on your feet.

Dr. Jamfeet in Los Angeles

If you have concerns about your feet and think it may be an issue with your arches, contact Dr. Jamshidinia at Jamfeet. He is a board-certified podiatrist in Los Angeles, and is trained in all areas of foot and ankle surgery and treatment. Dr. Jamshidnia and his team believe in comprehensive patient care and are focused on getting you back to full health. Contact Jamfeet today for an appointment!

Why Do My Toes Cramp?

Your toes are small, but they share in bearing the weight of the body daily. Toe cramps can be mild or intense, depending on the severity and cause. Various causes can lead your toes to cramp. From the shoes you wear to how hydrated you are, finding the root of the problem can help you stay free from toe cramps.

Common Causes of Toe Cramps

Below you will find the most common causes of toe cramps.

  • Shoes: Shoes that are too tight, too loose, too pointy, or have a high heel can put excess pressure on your toes. This pressure can cause toe cramps, especially if the toes are not in a natural position.
  • Dehydration: Without proper hydration, your toes can cramp up. This is even more likely to occur if you are injured, overworked, or have improperly fitted shoes. Drinking lots of water, but also liquids like sports drinks, can help you stay hydrated.
  • Tight Muscles: If your muscles are tight or even weak, it can cause toe cramps. There are so many muscles in your toes, so any tightness can cause pain in the form of cramps.
  • Injury: Sprains or injuries to the muscles in your feet and toes can cause weakness, pain, and injury, which can lead to toe cramps.
  • Electrolyte Imbalance: Dehydration can cause an electrolyte imbalance, but so can underlying medical issues. Without proper balance, toe cramps can occur.
  • Poor Blood Flow: When there is not enough blood flow to your feet and toes, they can ache and cramp. Things like sitting for long periods, medical conditions like diabetes, and crossing your legs for too long can slow down blood flow and cause toe cramps.
  • Arthritis: The medical condition can cause pain and inflammation in the joints located in your feet and toes. Some people with the condition experience toe cramps and pain.
  • Organ Issues: Problems with your organs, or even organ failure, can impact electrolyte levels. This can cause pain, cramps, and muscle spasms throughout the body, including the toes.

Remedies for Toe Cramps

  1. Shoes: Find shoes that fit! Stay away from high heels and find the right shoes for your feet that is catered to the activity you are doing. For example, if you are hiking, use hiking shoes.
  2. Hydrate: Drink lots of water, sports drinks in moderation, and eat foods that are high in potassium and calcium.
  3. Stretch: Spread your toes, wiggle them, and stretch them out. You can also massage them and use a heating pad to warm up the tense muscles.
  4. Exercise in Moderation: Exercise is great, but you don’t want to overdo it. Excessive workouts and physical activity can cause cramping, so moderation is key.

When to See the Doctor

If you have tried the home remedies above and still have cramps, it’s time to see the doctor. You may have toe cramps that are caused by something harmless, but there could also be underlying medical conditions that could require treatment. It’s better to be safe, so getting proper treatment from a medical professional can help you get back to feeling yourself again. While toe cramps may not be serious, they are painful and can impact your sleep and daily life.

Dr. Jamshidinia in Los Angeles

If you have toe cramps and want a long-term solution, contact Dr. Jamshidinia at Jamfeet. He is a board-certified surgeon trained in all areas of foot and ankle surgery and treatment. Dr. Jamshidnia and his team believe in comprehensive patient care and are focused on getting you back to full health. Contact Jamfeet today for an appointment!

Do Your Feet Shrink When You Lose Weight?

Life can get busy, which can sometimes result in packing on a few extra pounds. This is entirely understandable as the pressures of life, including work, family, and friends, can take up a lot of your time and energy. If you have decided to lose those extra pounds with diet and exercise, you may be surprised to see more than just weight coming off of your hips and thighs. You might wonder, do your feet shrink when you lose weight? In fact, weight loss can also impact the size of your feet, but maybe not for the reasons you think.

Most people plan to purchase a new wardrobe as their pants and shirts may loosen up with weight loss, but new shoes are something you may not have expected. Significant weight loss can result in going down a full shoe size. When you lose weight, you lose it all over your body, including places like your hands and feet.

Extra Pounds and the Impact on Your Feet

While a couple of extra pounds may not be a significant impact on your body, packing on large amounts of excess weight around can impact your feet. For those who are overweight or obese, the impact of the extra weight on your feet can negatively impact their ability to function properly and stay strong. This is because excess weight contributes to several structural problems like heel pain or arthritis. 

The excess weight stretches out the connective tissues in our feet, which puts extra strain on your foot muscles. It can also wear down the natural fat pads which cushion your feet and absorb the shock when you take steps or stand for long periods.

Weight Loss and Your Feet

One of the major benefits of weight loss is the impact it has on your overall health. However, another great bonus is that weight loss can relieve the impact of the excess weight on your feet. If you experienced pain, swelling, or poor circulation in your feet, losing weight can likely alleviate those issues. The pressure that extra weight can have on your feet can cause you pain and impact the strength and health of your feet. 

Depending on how much weight you lose, your shoes may feel looser. The structure of your foot has not shrunk, and the frames of your feet are still the same. However, the weight loss can result in the loss of fat in your feet and reduced inflammation. Excess fat can cause inflammation in your feet, and both contribute to an increase in the size of your feet.

Exercise and Foot Pain

If you experience foot pain and are trying to lose weight, you may find it difficult. Many forms of exercise can exacerbate your foot pain, making it difficult to stay motivated. You can also run the risk of further injury, which can derail your weight loss regimen completely. Below you will find some tips for how to stick to your weight loss plan without injuring your feet. 


Low impact exercises are essential for those with foot pain. Water aerobics, swimming, yoga, and walking are all great places to start. Talk to your podiatrist and medical provider to be sure that this will work for you. 


If you can move around and walk without issue, shoot for 10,000 steps a day. Even without rigorous exercise, increasing your movement can burn calories and help you shed the extra weight.


Many nutritionists and health experts will tell you that weight loss happens in the kitchen. Now, you don’t need to hop on the most recent diet bandwagon or completely cut out all your favorite foods. Simply monitor what you are eating and be sure you are getting your share of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy carbohydrates. Lower your intake of fats, processed foods, and excess sugar.

Foot or Ankle Pain

If you have foot or ankle pain and cannot get relief, it may be time to see a specialist. When you have gained some extra weight and have foot pain, a specialist can help get you back on track without further injuring yourself. 

If you have lost weight but still have foot pain, you may have a more significant issue on your hands that a specialist will need to diagnose and treat. Below you will find a few symptoms that should alert you that it’s time to make an appointment. If you feel any of the following in your lower leg, ankle, or foot, contact a specialist:

  • Pain that lasts for more than 3-4 days that makes regular movement difficult; 
  • Swelling that does not get better after home treatments like icing, resting, or elevation;
  • Redness, warmth, tenderness or a burning sensation; or
  • Numbness or tingling.

Dr. Jamshidinia in Los Angeles

If you are experiencing foot or ankle pain, contact Dr. Jamshidinia at Jamfeet. He is a board-certified foot surgeon trained in all areas of foot and ankle surgery and treatment. Dr. Jamshidinia and his team believe in comprehensive patient care and are focused on getting you back to full health. Contact Jamfeet today for any of your foot or ankle needs!